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As part of SusValueWaste work package 1, the research paper “What is the Bioeconomy? A Review of the Literature” was published in Sustainability (open access) in July 2016. The aim of the article is to give a better understanding of the bioeconomy concept, since so far there has been little consensus about what the bioeconomy notion actually means.
The paper presents a bibliometric analysis of the academic literature related to bioeconomy which appears quite fragmented and scattered across many science fields. In addition, three different visions in the bioeconomy are identified: 1) The Bio-technology vision – revolves around the importance of biotechnology and application and commercialisation of such across sectors; 2) The Bio-resource vision – emphasises processing and upgrading of biological raw marerials and creation of new value chains; and 3) The Bio-ecology vision focus on sustainability and ecological processes that improves the use of enerty and nutrients, promote biodiversity, and avoid monocultures and soil degradiation.
These insights will function as basis for the on-going reserach in the different work packages in the SusValueWaste project.
Sustainability is an international, cross-disciplinary, scholarly and open access journal of environmental, cultural, economic, and social sustainability of human beings. The paper was published online July 2016, and will be part of a Sustainability Special Issue on Innovation and Sustainable Development for the Bioeconomy.
Waste and other residual materials from industries and households are of increasing value in today’s economy. Substances that have long represented a cost to the economy are now becoming a valuable resource. Exploiting the full potential of these resources requires increased innovation, systemic change as well as better regulation and governance.